Types of Orbital Reconstructive Surgery

Types of orbital reconstructive surgery

It is often said that the eyes are the windows to the soul. They are also one of the most important facial features when it comes to first impressions. This is why people who have suffered any sort of injury or disease that has left their eyes looking less than perfect often seek out orbital reconstructive surgery. There are a number of different types of orbital reconstructive surgery that can be performed, depending on the specific needs of the patient. In this blog post, we will discuss orbital reconstructive surgery, when it may be necessary, and the different types of orbital reconstructive surgery.

What is orbital reconstructive surgery?

Orbital reconstructive surgery is a type of surgery that is performed to correct defects or deformities in the bones and tissues around the eyes, known as the orbit. This type of surgery can be necessary for a number of reasons, including:

  • To repair orbital fractures
  • To correct thyroid eye disease
  • To treat eyelid malposition
  • To reconstruct the eyelids
  • To improve the cosmetic appearance of the eyes

Types of Orbital Reconstructive Surgery

There are a number of different types of orbital reconstructive surgery that can be performed, depending on the specific needs of the patient. Some of the most common types of orbital reconstructive surgery include:

orbital fracture

Repair of Orbital Fractures:

This type of surgery is performed to repair fractures or damage to the bones around the eye. While the exact procedure can vary, orbital fracture repair generally consists of exposing the fracture site, freeing prolapsed tissue, and placing an implant to provide the necessary support to the orbital wall. It is often necessary to correct facial asymmetry or to improve the function of the eye.

Thyroid Eye Disease Repair:

This type of surgery is performed to correct a condition known as thyroid eye disease or Graves Eye disease, which is caused by an overactive thyroid gland. Thyroid eye disease can cause a number of symptoms such as wet or dry eyes, swelling of the eyelids or other tissues, and feelings of pressure around the eyes. The surgery is often necessary to improve vision and to reduce pain and pressure in the eyes. There are a few different techniques that can be used to surgically treat thyroid eye disease. These include:

  • Orbital decompression: This type of surgery involves removing some of the bone and soft tissue around the eye to allow the eye to move back into its socket.
  • Eyelid surgery: This type of surgery can be performed to correct eyelid ptosis, which is when the eyelids droop. It can also be used to remove excess skin and fat from the eyelids, or to adjust their position.
  • Strabismus surgery: This type of surgery is performed to correct scar tissue growth on your eye muscles. During the procedure, damaged muscles are cut and reattached tot the eye.
 ectropion and entropion of the lower eyelid

Eyelid Malposition Surgery:

This type of surgery is performed to correct a condition known as eyelid malposition, which is when the eyelids are not properly aligned. There are two common types of eyelid malposition: ectropion and entropion. Both cases can be surgically treated to alleviate symptoms and improve vision.

Eyelid Reconstruction:

This type of surgery is performed to reconstruct the eyelids when they have been damaged or lost. It can be necessary to improve the function and appearance of the eye.

Eyelid Cosmetic Surgery:

This type of surgery is performed to improve the appearance of the eyelids. It can be performed on functional eyelids to correct wrinkles, sagging, or other cosmetic concerns.

In Conclusion

In this blog, we have discussed orbital reconstructive surgery, when it may be necessary, and the different types of orbital reconstructive surgery. Orbital reconstructive surgery can be a life-changing procedure for people who have suffered any sort of injury or disease that has left their eyes looking less than perfect. If you are considering this type of surgery, be sure to discuss all of your options with your doctor to ensure that you receive the best possible care.

Lee A. Kleiman

Dr. Lee A. Kleiman is a double board certified ENT & plastic surgeon at Anne Arundel ENT in Annapolis, Maryland known for his superior clinical outcomes in all Surgical and Non-Surgical ENT, specializing in Sinus Care, Voice and Swallowing, Rhinoplasty and Revision Rhinoplasty, and Facelifts and Non-surgical Aesthetic. He also continues to attend conferences internationally and nationally to keep abreast of the latest treatments and technology.