Types of Sinusitis

Types of Sinusitis

Sinusitis is a common condition that affects the sinuses, which are the small, air-filled spaces behind your cheeks, nose, and eyes. There are several types of sinusitis, each with its own set of symptoms. In this blog post, we will discuss the different types of sinusitis and how to tell them apart. We will also discuss how each type of sinusitis is treated.

Acute Sinusitis

Acute sinusitis is the most common type of sinusitis. It usually starts with a cold, which then leads to swelling and inflammation of the sinuses. Acute sinusitis typically lasts for four weeks or less.

healthy sinuses vs. sinusitis

Subacute Sinusitis

Subacute sinusitis is a type of sinusitis that lasts for four to twelve weeks. Symptoms of subacute sinusitis are usually not as severe as those of acute sinusitis, but they can still be troublesome. Subacute sinusitis can be caused by allergies or bacterial infections.

Recurrent Acute Sinusitis

Recurrent acute sinusitis is a type of sinusitis that occurs multiple times throughout the year. Each episode tends to last at least seven days. People with this condition often have chronic underlying conditions, such as allergies or asthma.

Chronic Sinusitis

Chronic sinusitis is a type of sinusitis that lasts for twelve weeks or longer. Chronic sinusitis symptoms are generally more mild than acute sinusitis symptoms, however they can still take a toll, as it can cause pain and fatigue. Chronic sinusitis can be triggered by allergies, or it can also indicate a structural issue within the nose.

How to Tell These Conditions Apart

There are several ways to tell the different types of sinusitis apart. One way is to look at the duration of symptoms. Acute sinusitis lasts for four weeks or less, subacute sinusitis lasts for four to eight weeks, recurrent acute sinusitis occurs multiple times throughout the year, and chronic sinusitis lasts for eight weeks or longer.

Another way to tell the different types of sinusitis apart is to look at the severity of symptoms. Acute sinusitis typically has milder symptoms than chronic sinusitis, which can be debilitating. Finally, underlying conditions can also help to distinguish between the different types of sinusitis. People with recurrent acute sinusitis often have chronic underlying conditions, such as allergies or asthma.

How is Sinusitis Treated?

Treatment for sinusitis depends on the type of sinusitis. Acute sinusitis is typically treated with over-the-counter medications, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, and home remedies, such as steam inhalation. Subacute and chronic sinusitis often require more aggressive treatment, such as antibiotics, nasal corticosteroids, or surgery.

When chronic sinusitis can be attributed to a structural issue within the nose, such as a deviated septum, surgery is usually recommended to solve the problem. During sinus surgery, an ENT specialist will clear the sinuses, repair a deviated septum, and remove any nasal polyps that may contribute to nasal congestion.

In Conclusion

In this blog, we have discussed the different types of sinusitis and how to tell them apart. We have also discussed how each type of sinusitis is treated. If you think you may have sinusitis, it is important to see a doctor so that you can receive the appropriate treatment. Sinusitis is a common condition, but it can be difficult to manage if left untreated. With the proper treatment, however, most people with sinusitis can find relief from their symptoms.

Lee A. Kleiman

Dr. Lee A. Kleiman is a double board certified ENT & plastic surgeon at Anne Arundel ENT in Annapolis, Maryland known for his superior clinical outcomes in all Surgical and Non-Surgical ENT, specializing in Sinus Care, Voice and Swallowing, Rhinoplasty and Revision Rhinoplasty, and Facelifts and Non-surgical Aesthetic. He also continues to attend conferences internationally and nationally to keep abreast of the latest treatments and technology.